New Delhi: Since the start of 2024, Iceland has witnessed two volcano eruptions pumping lava up to 80 metres into the air. This has disrupted life in the Reykjanes peninsula. Fountains of dazzling orange liquid stone heaved from breaks in the ground, and magma went across a road close to the Blue Lagoon, an extravagant geothermal spa, which had shut on Thursday.
The magma stream likewise hit warm-based water pipes in the district only south of the capital, Reykjavík, disturbing the stock of heated water to more than 20,000 individuals and driving the Civil Protection Agency to raise its alarm level to an emergency.
As Iceland faces volcanic eruptions, let us look at active volcanoes in this European country.
Volcanoes in Iceland
Iceland is home to many ‘active’ volcanoes; regardless, the expression ‘active’ habitually prompts a few confusion insinuating volcanoes. A dynamic spring of gushing lava doesn’t essentially mean a well of lava right now ejecting. Instead, a well of lava is named active on the off chance that it can erupt, regardless of whether it’s not by and by heaving debris, rocks, gases, or magma.
But do you know what comprises active lava? It means considering volcanoes in an eruption and those with the future to erupt. So, with this extended definition in mind, which volcanoes in Iceland will be recognised as active in 2024?
List of active eruptions in Iceland
Sundhnjukagigar volcano: On January 14, 2024, around 8 am (local time), a volcanic eruption at the Sundhnjukagigar volcano in Iceland began. Over 4,000 inhabitants of Grindavik were evacuated after the seismic activity sharply accelerated during the night.
Fagradalsfjall volcano: It is an active tuya volcano formed in the Last Glacial Period on the Reykjanes Peninsula.
Katla volcano: Katla is an active lava in southern Iceland. This specific volcano has generally been highly dynamic, with 20 archived significant eruptions beginning around 2920 BC. However, Katla has been less active in its new history, as the last considerable eruption happened in 1918.
Hekla volcano: This is an active stratovolcano in south Iceland; its height is 1,491 m. It is one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland. More than 20 eruptions have occurred in and around the volcano since 1210.
Eyjafjallajokull volcano: One of the smaller ice caps of Iceland, sometimes known by the numeronym E15, is located north of Skogar and west of Myrdalsjokull. The ice cap covers the caldera of a spring of gushing lava with a highest point rise of 5,417 ft. The well of lava has ejected somewhat regularly since the Last Glacial period, generally as of late in 2010, when, albeit moderately small for a volcanic eruption, it made gigantic disturbance air traverse northern and western Europe for seven days.
Bardarbunga volcano: Iceland’s most extensive glacier, Bardarbunga, is an active stratovolcano under Vatnajokull in Vatnajokull National Park. It is also the second-highest mountain in Iceland, 2,009 metres above sea level and is part of a volcanic system that is approximately 200 kilometres long and 25 kilometres wide.
Grimsvotn volcano: It is an active volcano with a fissure system in Vatnajokull National Park. The volcano is wholly subglacial and situated under the northwestern side of the Vatnajokull ice cap. The subglacial caldera is at 64°25′N 17°20′W, at an elevation of 1,725 m.