Prostate cancer cases to double over next two decades: Lancet report

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New Delhi: Prostate cancer is one of the top ten leading cancers in India. It usually targets men of the age of 65 years. According to the latest Lancet Report, the number of new prostate cancer cases will increase to double over the next two decades across the world. The reason behind this is that the poorer countries catch up with the ageing of richer countries, the report noted.

A medical journal based on a study of demographic changes mentioned in the report that their findings suggest that the number of new cases annually will increase from 1.4 million in 2020 to 2.9 million by 2040.

Life expectancy and changes in the age pyramid the reason

As per the researchers, the rise in cases is related to the increased life expectancy and changes in the age pyramid around the world. Prostate cancer is the most spread cancer among the men, with an incidence rate of 15 per cent. It majorly emerges after the age of 50 and becomes more common as men age.

According to the researchers, as life expectancy improves in developing nations, the number of prostate cancer cases also rises. They also focussed that public health policies could not affect the change as they could with lung cancer or heart diseases.

Genetics factors

Along with lifestyle factors, hereditary factors which are quite less managable are also some of the major causes of cancer. For instance, smoking is the cause of lung cancer. A link with weight has been linked but it is not yet known if this is a direct cause of prostate cancer. Moreover, the health authorities had to encourage earlier screening in developing nations as the disease is often diagnosed too late to give an effective treatment, as per the researchers.

5 early signs of prostate cancer

Difficulty in starting urination.
Weak or disrupted flow of urine.
Frequent urination, especially at night.
Difficulties in emptying the bladder.
Pain or burning during urination.
Blood in the urine or semen.
Pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn’t go away.
Painful ejaculation.

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