Similipal National Park to Chilika Lagoon: List of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha

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New Delhi: Every year, Odisha marks its foundation day on April 1, as it became an independent state after being bifurcated from Bihar and Orissa Province on April 1, 1936. Located on the eastern side of the country in the Lap of Eastern Ghat and the Bay of Bengal, the state is home to numerous architectural marvels, depicting vivid culture of the state. It consists of huge mountains, clear beaches, beautiful rivers and waterfalls that attract visitors from far away. Additionally, the conserved forest areas and sanctuaries in the region offer perfect habitat to a wide range of flora and fauna. While the state is celebrating its foundation day today, let’s take a glance at some prominent National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in the state.

List of prominent National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Odisha

Serial number
Name of the National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary

1
Badrama Wildlife Sanctuary

2
Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary

3
Bhitarkanika National Park

4
Balukhand Konark Wildlife Sanctuary

5
Chilika (Nalaban) Wildlife Sanctuary

6
Chandaka Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary

7
Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary

8
Gahirmatha (Marine) Wildlife Sanctuary

9
Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

10
Kotagarh Wildlife Sanctuary

11
Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary

12
Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary

13
Khalasuni Wildlife Sanctuary

14
Lakhari Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

15
Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary

16
Satkosia Gorge Wildlife

17
Simlipal National Park

18
Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary

Bhitarkanika National Park: Spread over an area of around 145 square kilometeres in northeast Kendrapara district in Odisha, the Bhitarkanika National Park is the second largest mangrove forest in the country and is fondly known as the Amazon of India. The lush green vegetation of the national park is home to a wide range of flora and fauna including over 215 species of birds and other wild animals.

Similipal National Park: Situated in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha, the Similipal National Park is a tiger reserve, spread over an area of 2,750 square kilometres. The name of the forest has been derived from the huge population of red silk cotton trees, ‘Simul’ (Silk Cotton) tree, growing around the area. The dense green vegetation of the national park also consists of Sal trees in large numbers. It is home to the Bengal tiger, elephant, chausingha, gaur and a wide range of avian species.

Chilika Lagoon: The Chilika Lake is a water lagoon and spread across Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha, covering an area of over 1,100 square kilometers. The water of the lagoon is highly saline. While it is the biggest coastal lagoon in the country, it is the largest brackish water lagoon across the globe. The lagoon offers a perfect habitat to some migratory birds that fly on the sub-continent. The lake is home to over 160 avian species and several threatened species of plants and animals.

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